We need your help to find and respond to new outbreaks of the non-native kelp Undaria pinnatifida, a quick-growing, opportunistic kelp that is a “least-wanted” pest species around the world. Uncontrolled, Undaria can become a fouling species on ship hulls, nets, fishing gear, moorings, ropes ,docks and aquaculture species and structures. Because of its quick growth and large size, it is also capable of having a profound influence on the ecosystem, by competing with native seaweeds for space and light.
Recently, small populations have been found in San Francisco Bay and Pillar Point Harbor in Half Moon Bay.
Undaria was first reported from the LA-Long Beach Harbor in 2000. It has been found in numerous marinas in Southern California, including a mooring at Catalina Island. It became established in Monterey Harbor in 2001. For eight years, Monterey was its northernmost extent. In May 2009, we found small populations at Pillar Point Harbor in Half Moon Bay and at two sites in San Francisco Bay. Based on its environmental tolerances, Undaria could potentially range from Southeast Alaska to Baja California. It can spread by hitchhiking on boats, anchors, floats and aquaculture gear.
Your help is needed to report new sightings! Please report any sightings along with key details, as outlined below. Early detection can help prevent the further spread of this invasive species. You can also assist by inspecting your boat and slip and removing Undaria if you find it, especially before getting underway and by joining removal efforts
If you find Undaria
- Remove the kelp by grasping it near the holdfast (rootlike structure)
- Remove from water promptly; do not let water run off the kelp back into the ocean as the kelp may release spores
- Take a photograph
- Note the location and details (i.e. slip number if in marina)
- Do not throw suspected Undaria back in the water
- If possible, place the specimen(s) in a plastic bag and keep it cool
- If possible, press the specimen, within 2-3 days
Please report suspected Undaria by signing up and following instructions to upload photos and observation notes here (Sign Up Link) or email us your sighting information at email@example.com. We will reply to each report and may ask about any specimens that you may have collected.
For other questions, you can also contact us at 415 435 3528.